I am honored that my peers have once again voted to include me in “The Best Lawyers in America” list.
I am honored that my peers have once again voted to include me in “The Best Lawyers in America” list.
After the Dallas Business Journal published an article about the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent Hobby Lobby decision, a number of people asked me about potential impact on various business. Here are my thoughts:
Despite all the attention the case has gotten, the opinion might only directly impact two U.S. companies. The Affordable Care Act (also known as “the ACA” or “Obamacare”) itself only applies to companies with more than 50 employees. And the Supreme Court opinion only provides an exception to the ACA for closely-held companies.
There are, at most, a few dozen closely-held companies in the country which employ more than 50 people. That universe is further narrowed by the fact that the opinion only applies to companies with owners having sincerely-held religious beliefs opposing contraception. Of the few dozen closely-held that employ more than 50 people, only Hobby Lobby and Conestoga Wood Specialties (a Mennonite-owned cabinet company which was addressed in the Supreme Court opinion) have indicated that their ownership espouses sincerely held religious beliefs opposing contraception.
If another one of these few dozen companies were to suddenly claim sincerely-held religious beliefs opposing contraception, such a company would likely face a difficult and expensive legal battle to join Hobby Lobby and Conestoga in being exempt from the ACA’s contraception mandate. Specifically, in challenging Hobby Lobby and Conestoga’s claims to an exemption, the federal government did not question that the ownership of these companies had the requisite sincerely-held religious beliefs opposing contraception, as it was abundantly clear that they did. The ownership of both of these companies have long histories of being vocal about their religious beliefs opposing contraception.
On the other hand, if a company whose ownership had historically been silent about this issue were to now begin professing a sincerely-held religious belief opposing contraception, the federal government would almost certainly contest the sincerity of the company’s claimed religious belief. That would require a company to spend large sums of money on legal fees, likely outweighing any hoped-for savings on the cost of contraceptives (or insurance premiums for the contraceptives). Additionally, if the federal government were to contest the sincerity of a company’s claimed religious belief, the company’s individual owners would all be subject to giving lengthy depositions about their religious beliefs, any acts in their personal lives that might have been inconsistent with those religious beliefs (such as whether they had ever used contraceptives with any sexual partner), and their personal investments in companies that may not share those religious beliefs.
Of the few dozen closely-held companies with more than 50 employees, I would not be surprised if Hobby Lobby and Conestoga were the only companies directly impacted by the Supreme Court’s opinion.
Whether you are a law student studying Texas appellate procedure or are a Texas lawyer who doesn’t regularly handle appeals, you might be in need of answers to frequently asked questions about Texas appellate law. Having been unable to find a compilation of appellate law FAQs specific to Texas state courts, I have compiled a list of responses to questions frequently asked of me in my appellate law practice. This list of questions and answers is not intended to serve as a comprehensive resource about how to practice in a Texas court of appeals. However, if you can think of another frequently asked question about Texas appeals, please let me know.
1. Does filing a mandamus petition automatically stay the trial court order at issue?
No. However, the litigant filing a mandamus petition may file a motion in the court of appeals to stay the underlying order. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 52.10(a). It is important to note that the court of appeals cannot consider such a motion until the mandamus petition itself has been filed. See In re Terminix Int’l Co., L.P., 131 S.W.3d 651, 653 (Tex. App. — Corpus Christi 2004, orig. proceeding).
2. Does filing an appeal stop enforcement of the judgment?
No. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 25.1(g). However, the litigant filing the appeal may supersede the judgment (1) by agreement of the parties; (2) by filing a supersedeas bond; (3) by making a deposit with the trial court clerk; or (4) by providing alternate security ordered by the trial court. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 24.1(a).
3. If parties do not supersede the judgment against them, do they lose their right to appeal?
No. See Marshall v. Housing Auth. of City of San Antonio, 198 S.W.3d 782, 787-87 (Tex. 2006).
4. Does the date that a trial court judge denies a motion for new trial impact appellate deadlines?
No. If a motion for new trial is timely-filed, the notice of appeal is due 90 days after the judgment was signed regardless of when the trial court denies the motion. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 26.1(a)(1).
5. When can a court of appeals consider findings of fact? In what situations should a litigant request findings of fact?
A court of appeals can consider findings of fact — and a litigant should consequently request them — whenever the trial court judge served as finder of fact a/k/a fact finder. See Sears Roebuck & Co. v. Wilson, 963 S.W.2d 166, 168 (Tex. App. — Fort Worth 1998, no pet.). If a trial court judge grants summary judgment, the judge has held that there are no facts to find. Consequently, findings of fact on the granting of a summary judgment would be improper. See Williams v. Americas Tire Co., Inc., 190 S.W.3d 796, 811 (Tex. App. — Dallas 2006, pet. denied).
6. What happens if the trial court judge does not file findings of fact by the deadline?
If the trial court judge does not file findings of fact by the deadline to do so, the litigant seeking the findings must file a notice that the findings are past-due. See Texas Rule of Civil Procedure 297. If the trial court judge still does not file findings of fact, the court of appeals may abate the appeal and order the trial court judge to file the findings of fact. See Busch v. Hudson & Keyse, LLC, 312 S.W.3d 294, 298 (Tex. App. — Houston [14th Dist.] 2010, no pet.).
7. What is the deadline to file a petition for writ of mandamus?
There is no fixed deadline for filing a petition for writ of mandamus. See CMH Homes v. Perez, 340 S.W.3d 444, 454 (Tex. 2011). However, when litigants have unreasonably waited to file their mandamus petition, relief may be denied based on the equitable principle of laches. See In re Mabray, 355 S.W.3d 16, 22 (Tex. App. — Houston [1st Dist.] 2010, orig. proceeding [mand. denied]).
8. May a litigant cite to an unpublished opinion in an appellate brief?
Yes. While unpublished opinions technically have no precedential value, they may be cited in an appellate brief. The citation must include the parenthetical “not designated for publication.” See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 47.7(b). It is important to note that, since January 1, 2003, appellate courts have not had the option of issuing unpublished opinions. So, even if an opinion issued on or after that date carries the designation “unpublished,” the opinion nevertheless constitutes a published opinion. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 47.7(b). This is true even if the official reporter has never included the opinion in a Southwest Reporter and assigned the opinion a volume and page number.
9. Is an appellate court judgement enforceable as soon as it is issued?
No. An appellate court judgment is not enforceable until the appellate court has issued its mandate. See In re City of Cresson, 245 S.W.3d 72, 74 (Tex. App. — Fort Worth 2008, orig. proceeding). An appellate court generally will not issue its mandate until after all deadlines for further review by Texas state appellate courts have passed. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 18.1.
10. When may a litigant file an interlocutory appeal?
An interlocutory order is a trial court order that does not dispose of all parties and all claims in the case. See In re K.E.A., 359 S.W.3d 387, 388 (Tex. App. — Dallas 2012, no pet.). An appeal of an interlocutory order is an interlocutory appeal. See CMH Homes v. Perez, 340 S.W.3d 444, 447 (Tex. 2011). An interlocutory appeal is only possible when expressly allowed by statute. See Bally Total Fitness Corp. v. Jackson, 53 S.W.3d 352, 352 (Tex. 2001). Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code section 51.014(a) lists a number of interlocutory orders which are appealable.
11. How can a litigant get an appeal accelerated or otherwise expedited?
Whenever an interlocutory appeal is permitted, the interlocutory appeal is automatically accelerated. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 28.1(a). Appeals of final judgments in quo warranto proceedings are also accelerated. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 28.1(a). The appeal of a final judgment in a primary contest is also accelerated. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 28.1(a); Texas Election Code § 232.014(b). Although not technically accelerated, appeals of other final judgments are “given precedence by law.” See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 40.1(a). For example, appeals from final judgments in unemployment disputes are apparently given precedence by law. See Texas Labor Code § 212.208. The same is true when there is a final judgment of dismissal based on a litigant’s exercise of right of free speech, right to petition, or right of association. See Texas Civil Practice & Remedies Code § 27.008(b). Additionally, an appellate court has discretion to give precedence to any “case that the court determines should be given precedence in the interest of justice.” See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 40.1(c). So, a litigant may file a motion requesting that an appeal be accelerated.
12. How should a litigant calculate the amount of bond or cash deposit required to supersede a judgment?
The bond or cash deposit must be in an amount equal to or greater than “the sum of compensatory damages awarded in the judgment, interest for the estimated duration of the appeal, and costs awarded in the judgment.” See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 24.2(a)(1). When the judgment is for something other than money, the trial court judge must rule on how the judgment can be superseded. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 24.2(a)(2, 3).
13. Can a judgment be superseded by pledging real estate or personal property?
A judgment can superseded by pledging real estate or personal property only if the trial court judge expressly approves doing so. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 24.1(a)(4).
14. If the trial court clerk or court reporter misses the deadline (or is about to miss the deadline) to file the record, what do the appellants need to do?
Nothing. The trial court clerk and the court reporter — not the appellants — are responsible for filing the record. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 35.3. Before this responsibility applies, however, the appellants must first request the record and make payment arrangements for it. See Aguero v. Aguero, 225 S.W.3d 236, 237 (Tex. App. — El Paso 2006, no pet.).
15. If an appeal is transferred from one court of appeals district to another and there is a conflict in the case law of the two courts, does the transferee court apply its own law or the law of the transferring court?
If an appeal is transferred from one court of appeals district to another and there is a conflict in the case law of the two courts, the transferee court must apply the law of the transferring court. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 41.3.
16. Does the Texas Supreme Court have jurisdiction to review all appeals decided by one of the courts of appeals?
No. Texas Government Code section 22.001(a) lists the situations in which the Texas Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction.
17. If a litigant misses the deadline to file a notice of appeal, can the case still be appealed?
Within fifteen days after the notice of appeal deadline, a litigant may file a notice of appeal and a motion to extend the notice of appeal deadline. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 26.3.
18. If a litigant misses the deadline to file an appellate brief, may the litigant file a motion for extension after the fact?
Yes. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 38.6(d).
19. If a litigant misses the deadline to file a petition for review, may the litigant file a motion for extension after the fact?
Yes, but only if the motion is filed within fifteen days after the deadline. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 53.7(f).
20. When should a litigant file a petition for review versus an application for writ of error?
Prior to September 1, 1997, to seek Texas Supreme Court review of a court of appeals decision on an appeal, litigants needed to file an application for writ of error. From that date forward, litigants have needed to file a petition for review. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 51.1; Checker Bag Co. v. Washington, 27 S.W.3d 625, 640 (Tex. App. — Waco 2000, pet. denied).
21. What is a Texas Court of Civil Appeals?
Prior to September 1, 1981, the Texas intermediate appellate courts had jurisdiction only over civil cases and were called “courts of civil appeals.” From that date forward, the intermediate appellate courts have also had jurisdiction over criminal cases and have been called “courts of appeals.” See In re Allcat Claims Service, L.P., 356 S.W.3d 455, 461 (Tex. 2011).
22. What is a transcript? What is a statement of facts?
The compilation of pleadings and other trial court documents prepared by the trial court clerk for purposes of appeal was known as a “transcript” until September 1, 1997, when it became known as a “clerk’s record.” In Texas appellate law, the term “transcript” does not correctly refer to — and has never correctly referred to — a court reporter’s transcription. The court reporter’s transcription of the proceedings (and any corresponding exhibits) for purposes of appeal was known as a “statement of facts” until September 1, 1997, when it became known as a “reporter’s record.” See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 34; Texas Dep’t of Pub. Safety v. Burrows, 976 S.W.2d 304, 307 n.2 (Tex. App. — Corpus Christi 1998, no pet.); In re VanDeWater, 966 S.W.2d 730, 733 n.4 (Tex. App. — San Antonio 1998, orig. proceeding). Under the current appellate rules, a “statement of facts” is the section of an appellate brief in which a litigant recites the facts of the underlying case. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 38.1(g).
23. May a litigant ever choose which court of appeals will hear the litigant’s appeal?
Yes. Texas Government Code section 22.201 provides that both the Fifth Court of Appeals (in Dallas) and the Sixth Court of Appeals (in Texarkana) have jurisdiction over judgments of trial courts in Hunt County. Similarly, section 22.201 provides that both the Sixth Court of Appeals (in Texarkana) and the Twelfth Court of Appeals (in Tyler) have jurisdiction over judgments of trial courts in Wood, Upshur, Gregg, and Rusk counties. For cases arising out of these five counties, the appellants may chose between the two relevant courts of appeals. See Miles v. Ford Motor Co., 914 S.W.2d 135, 137, 138 n.4 (Tex. 1995). Although the First Court of Appeals and the Fourteenth Court of Appeals (both in Houston) have overlapping jurisdiction over a number of counties, for judgments out of such counties, the assignment to a court of appeals is random rather than by choice of the appellants. See Texas Government Code § 22.202(h).
24. If a litigant wishes to seek mandamus relief against a trial court judge, must the litigant seek such relief from the court of appeals before seeking the relief from the Texas Supreme Court?
Generally, yes. However, if there is a “compelling reason” to do otherwise, the litigant may proceed directly to the Supreme Court. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 52(e).
25. Is a litigant required to file a motion for rehearing in the court of appeals before filing a petition for review with the Texas Supreme Court?
No. That requirement was eliminated effective September 1, 1997. See Texas Mexican Ry. Co. v. Bouchet, 963 S.W.2d 52, 54 n.3 (Tex.1998).
26. What must a litigant do to qualify for oral argument in the court of appeals?
If litigants would like oral argument, they must request it on the front cover of their brief. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 39.7. However, even if oral argument is requested, the court of appeals may deny oral argument. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 39.1.
27. Is filing a mandamus petition necessary to preserve error for appeal?
No. See Walker v. Packer, 827 S.W.2d 833, 842 n.9 (Tex. 1992).
28. What is a notice of restricted appeal?
If a litigant fails to file a timely notice of appeal, the litigant may file a notice of restricted appeal within six months of the complained-of judgment provided that the litigant did not participate — either in person or through counsel — in the hearing that resulted in the judgment and did not timely-file a postjudgment motion or a timely request for findings of fact. See Texas Rules of Appellate Procedure 26.1(c), 30.
29. What is a writ of error appeal?
The term “writ of error appeal” was replaced with the term “restricted appeal” effective September 1, 1997. See Texas Rule of Appellate Procedure 30.
DISCLAIMER: These responses to frequently asked questions about Texas appellate procedure are applicable to many appeals from Texas state courts. However, these responses only address the general rules and do not address any exceptions to the general rules. Consequently, these responses may not be applicable to your particular case. As such, you should not rely upon any of these Texas appellate law FAQ answers. Rather, you should have a Texas appellate lawyer review the background of your particular appeal and provide you with answers specific to your case. Dallas appellate attorney Chad Ruback has provided this general information about Texas appeals for educational purposes only, and nothing herein shall constitute legal advice. Moreover, nothing herein shall establish an attorney-client relationship with Mr. Ruback or his appellate law firm. Mr. Ruback will not be your attorney unless and until he signs a representation agreement expressly agreeing to be your attorney.
The Dallas Bar Association Judiciary Committee recently hosted a panel discussion with three prominent appellate judges. Catharina Haynes is the only federal appellate judge in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. After years of sitting as a Dallas state trial court judge, she was appointed to sit on the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. Debra Lehrmann is the only Texas Supreme Court justice from Fort Worth. Along with Chief Justice Nathan Hecht, she is one of only two Texas Supreme Court justices who began judicial service in North Texas. After a distinguished career in a large Dallas law firm, Elizabeth Lang-Miers serves as a justice on the Fifth District Court of Appeals, which reviews the cases from Texas state trial courts in Dallas County and five other counties.
The three panelists offered a number of helpful tips for lawyers practicing before appellate courts. Here are some that I found particularly helpful:
1. Limit the number of issues being raised in your appellate brief. Judges loathe briefs that appear to be throwing things at the wall hoping that something will stick. And, by including a relatively week issue in your brief, you will make your strong arguments appear less credible.
2. Keep in mind that an appellate judge has a heavy reading load. As such, to avoid potentially frustrating the judge, keep your brief focused and concise.
3. Study opinions in cases analogous to yours to determine what underlying facts and what legal authority were necessary to write those opinions. Then, draft your brief so as to include the facts and law you anticipate will be helpful in writing the opinion in your case.
4. Don’t just recite the standard of review in your brief. Instead, incorporate the standard of review throughout your legal arguments. Specifically, for each of your legal arguments, explain the impact of the standard of review on that argument.
5. Before you begin writing your brief, give some thought to what relief you would like the court of appeals to grant. Then, keep that relief in mind as you are formulating your arguments.
6. Your brief should provide an orderly roadmap to a judge who is writing an opinion in your favor. Make the roadmap easy to follow.
7. Your brief should tell a good story. The more enjoyable your brief is to read, the better.
8. Your brief should be clear and easy to follow. After you finish writing your brief, set it down for a few days, then pick it up and read it again to confirm that it still makes sense to you. Even better, ask others to read your brief and let you know what they had trouble understanding.
9. Don’t disparage anyone else involved in the case (e.g., opposing counsel, opposing party, trial court judge). Appellate judges do not appreciate ad hominem arguments.
10. The table of contents can be a powerful persuasive tool. Don’t waste this opportunity to persuade an appellate judge, as this may be the first part of your brief that he or she reads.
11. An appellee should address the appellant’s points in the same order raised by the appellant. If you absolutely must deviate from the appellant’s order, your appellee’s brief should point this out to the court. Otherwise, you are wasting the judges’ time by making them determine which appellee’s point matches up with which appellant’s point.
12. Don’t make an appellate judge flip back and forth between your brief and another document. Instead of making the appellate judge look at the document (e.g., the lower court’s judgment / opinion, the underlying contract, etc.), be sure to summarize the document’s relevant language in your brief.
13. Don’t take any liberties with what is contained in the record or in case law. The judge’s law clerk will catch such deception and will point it out to the judge.
14. It might be helpful to include a visual aid in your brief (e.g., diagram, photograph, etc.) to help the judge understand the underlying facts. If, for example, you are attempting to show the judge that the text of an underlying contract was too small, you could include an actual-size reproduction of the contract’s text.
15. Allow plenty of time to edit your brief. A poorly-edited brief is not likely to impress an appellate judge.
16. Acknowledge weaknesses in the law and in the facts. If you don’t point out your weaknesses, an appellate judge will discover them anyway, costing you credibility with the court. Moreover, when you point out your weaknesses, you have an opportunity to explain why the judge should rule in your favor in spite of the weaknesses.
17. Give a lot of thought to what you request in the prayer of your brief. Your prayer should not simply be an afterthought. If possible, in your prayer, be sure to include alternatives to granting you all of the relief you are requesting. Otherwise, a judge who is not inclined to give you all of the relief you are requesting might have to give you no relief at all.
18. When you are filing a petition in a court of discretionary review (such as the Texas Supreme Court), effective appellate advocacy is much different than it is when filing a brief to a court of mandatory review (such as the Dallas Court of Appeals). In a court of mandatory review, your focus should be on explaining why the lower court was right or wrong. In a court of discretionary review, your primary focus should be on why the issue you raise will significantly impact jurisprudence . . . and whether the lower court was right or wrong should be no more than a secondary focus. In a court of discretionary review, you should try to make your issues stand out from the issues in other cases vying for the judge’s attention. To do this, you should have a “hook” and repeat that hook throughout your filing. Good drafting and editing is even more important in a court of discretionary review than it is in a court of mandatory review. That is because, even if your issue could significantly impact jurisprudence and the lower court was obviously wrong, a judge is not inclined to grant review if your drafting is weak. Rather, the judge is likely to simply wait to grant review until a similar issue is raised by a well-drafted brief in another case.
19. When preparing for oral argument, think outside the box as to all sorts of questions that you might be asked. Don’t just think about your case. Instead, think of questions about how various rulings in your case could impact other cases. Be prepared to address questions about a hypothetical case with facts slightly different from yours.
20. Don’t argue that an appellate court should rule in a certain way merely because a sister court (or a lower court) has done so in another case, as this is simply not true. The Dallas Court of Appeals is under no obligation whatsoever to rule consistently with the Fort Worth Court of Appeals.
21. When preparing for oral argument, make yourself thoroughly familiar with the record. Appellate judges don’t have much patience with a lawyer who hasn’t done so prior to argument. If you aren’t willing to commit the time needed to learn the record, then you probably shouldn’t request oral argument.
22. If there is one point that you really want to make at oral argument, you should plan to make it at the very beginning of your argument. Once the judges being asking you questions, you may never have the opportunity to make the one point that is most important to you.
I have compiled the following list of Dallas-area lawyers on Twitter and their respective Twitter handles. The list does not include lawyers west of the Dallas-Tarrant county line. The list does not include law firms, but does include lawyers who work for law firms. The list includes lawyers who are not currently practicing law (e.g., judges, law professors). If you can think of anyone whom I’ve inadvertently omitted from the list, please send me an email (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Maxine Aaronson – @maxineaaronson
Bryan Abercrombie – @cromdog
Tim Ackermann – @ntxip
John Adolph – @americajohnline
Monica Adriano – @monica_adriano
Mike Aigen – @zarleyziggy
Zahara Alarakhia – @zazalaw
Christy Albano – @christyalbano
Vince Allen – @iplawtexas
Frank Alvarez – @frankalvarez337
David Anderson – @danderson1973
Jeremy Anderson – @jeremycade
Michael Anderson – @manderson0416
Wil Angelley – @wangelley
John Ansbach – @jansbach25, @johnansbach
Shae Armstrong – @shaearmstrong
Gary Ashmore – @gary_ashmore
K.C. Ashmore – @kcashmore1
Jason Augustine – @augustinelaw
Brandy Harman Austin @thebrandyaustin
Steve Autry – @autry13
Kencade Babb – @kencadeb
Ann Massey Badmus – @annbadmus
David Bailey – @dabjd
Leigh Bailey – @leigh_bailey
Trina McReynolds Bailey – @trinamcrey
Marissa Balius – @marissabalius
Katie Bandy – @bandykatherine, @katherinebandy
Kris Barber – @barberlawfirm
Jennifer Barnes – @gingerbear_b
Frederick Barrow – @dfwlawyer
Brooke Basden – @brookeatbu
Jennifer Bennett – @jennbenn8
Allison Bernstein – @bernstein1102
Monica Berry – @m5berry
Matt Bethancourt – @mattbcourt
Vincent Bhatti – @bhattilawfirm
Sonya Bible – @sonyabible
Penny Brobst Blackwell – @pb322
Kristy Piazza Blanchard – @kblanchardlaw
Julie Biermacher – @jbiermacher
Randy Block – @randyblockdfw
Erin Martin Bogdanowicz – @erinbog
Rob Bogdanowicz – @lolyer
Carter Boisvert – @wcboisvert
Steve Bolden – @estevebolden
Talmage Boston – @talmageboston
Ira Bowman – @irabowman
Laci Myers Bowman – @laci_myers
Liz Boydston – @lizizwhereitiz
Stefanie Bradshaw – @stefbradshaw
Jeff Bragalone – @bragdogz
Trey Branham – @trey_branham
Jim Brashear – @jfbrashear
Grant Brenna – @grantbrenna
Emily Brewer – @emilybrewer13
Bill Bridge – @wbridge
Kandice Bridges – @kandicebridges
Nancy Kennedy Broden – @wakegirl75
Chip Brooker – @chipbrooker
Rebekah Brooker – @rebekahbrooker
Ada Brown – @justiceadabrown
Lee Brown – @leebrownlaw
Spencer Browne – @sbrowne51
Steve Bruneman – @marriagegamble
Danny Buechler – @danielbuechler
Michael Byrd – @byrdbyrd4
David Cabrales – @cabrales
Jason Cagle – @gndlawyer
Gabriela Cailide – @gabhavensearch
Teresa Cain – @dallaslawgirl
Tena Callahan – @tcalla
Aaron Capps – @atcapps
Kyle Carlton – @kbcarlton
Jon Carroll – @pjoncarroll
Stevi Carter – @stevicarter
Hilaree Casada – @hilareecasada
Kate Jett Cassidy – @katejettcassidy
Eric Cedillo – @ericcedillo
Liz Cedillo-Pereira – @widgeybell, @lizcp
Julie Anne Chandler – @julieannetweets
Ann Chao – @annchao
Chaz Chasanoff – @chazdfw
Andy Chatham – @judgeandy282
Richard Cheng – @dirtrico
Jim Chester – @trade_attorney
Julia Chester – @lechienblanc
Thelma Clardy – @thelclardy
Chris Clark – @insleeclark
Samantha Engelbart Clark – @samntx
Stephanie Stafford Cleveland – @4clevelands
David Coale – @600camp
Perry Cockerell – @pcockerell
Brooke Cohen – @mrookemom1
LaDawn Horn Conway – @appealgirl
Brent Cooper – @rbrentcooper
Nathan Cortez – @nathancortez
Jordan Cowman – @jordancowman
Joe Cox – @thejudgejoecox
Darlina Crowder – @darlinacrowder
Richard Cuccia – @attorneycuccia
Brian Cuban – @bcuban
Misty Keene Cunningham – @mistykeene
Robert Daniel – @bobdantx
Brandy Davis – @txschoollawyer
Chris Davis – @chrisdavislaw
Jerrod Davis – @jldavisag
Kate Pigg Decker – @kate54321
Ruben DeLeon – @rubendeleon001
Rocky Dhir – @rockydhir
Grant Dickey – @grantdickey
Heath Dixon – @heath_dixon
Leiza Dolghih – @leizad33
Cristina Doss – @cristinacdoss
Lisa Greenwood Duffee – @lduffee
Walker Duke – @wduke82
Trey Dyer – @dyertrey
Kate Eberhardt – @kateeber
Kevin Edwards – @kledallas
Amanda Ellis – @aellislegal
Ken Emanuelson – @kenemanuelson
Wade Emmert – @wadeemmert
Elisha Wroten Enoksen – @elishaenoksen
Dawn Estes – @dawnestes
Aimee Perilloux Fagan – @amperillouxf
Damien Falgoust – @dfalgoust
Brian Farlow – @bafarlow
Jana McBride Ferguson – @jferg11
Thomas Finley – @lawyercams1
Edwin Flores – @edwinflorestroy
Elaine Caldwell Flores – @laineyfox
Sarah Levy Foley – @sarahbeth
Julie Forrester – @jforrestsmuedu
John Fowler – @johnfowlerlaw
Lori Fox – @loriannfox
Larry Friedman – @texesq
Tom Fuller – @dallasmediate
Suzy Fulton – @badvizsla
Jacquie Gabbidon – @jacqtennis
Elizabeth Gambrell – @ergambrell
Kelly Ganzberger – @kellyganzberger
Dennise Garcia – @kdgarcia
Domingo Garcia – @domingotexas
Bill Gardner – @billgardner5
Scott Garelick – @lawbuff
Brian Garlitz – @briangarlitz
Bryan Garner – @bryanagarner
Alex Geczi – @alexandrageczi
Bret Gerard – @gerardlawyer
Steve Gibson – @jasgibson
John Gioffredi – @dallasdwiguy
Jim Girards – @girardslaw
Kay Goggin – @kaygoggin
Anil Gollahalli – @agollahalli
Mayella Gonzalez – @mayellag
Amy Castle Gray – @amycgray
Ginger Greenberg – @gingergreenberg
Natalie Gregg – @greggnatalie
Dean Gresham – @injurylawyer54
Cortland Kelly Grynwald – @cortgryn
Mike Gruber – @grubermike
Michael Guajardo – @mgguajardo
John Guild – @johnfguild
John Hagan – @lawyerhagan
Brian Hail – @litig8or90
Jim Hamel – @jameswhamel
Kal Hamideh – @hamidehk
Rhodes Hamilton – @rhodeswh
Rwan Hardesty – @rwanhardesty
Holly Harris – @hollyleeharris
Curtis Harrison – @harrisonlawyer
Karen Hart – @klawhart
Kendall Kelly Hayden – @hospitalitylwyr
Collin Hayes – @collinhayes
Beth Hearn – @bethmjhearn
Tate Hemingson – @tate_hemingson
Byron Henry – @byronkhenry
Wendy Hermes – @wendyhermes
Christina Herrera – @chrisherrera25
Matt Herzog – @mbherzog
Sarah Schechter Hetzel – @sschechter
Jeff Hightower – @jhighjr
Tricia Jewell Higson – @triciahigson
Chuck Hill – @cwhilllawyer
Matt Hill – @matthilldal
Steve Hill – @hillmediations
Zach Hilton – @zach_hilton
Kelly Hine – @mustang9397
Martha Hardwick Hofmeister – @martismartie
John Horany – @jkhorany
Mike Howard – @crimlawyerdfw
Emily Horton – @emilylawyer
Cat Hough – @catthelawyer
Erik Hsu – @whsu1
Sophilia Hsu – @ipsophfacto
Marc Hubbard – @marchubbard
Mike Huddleston – @huddlm
Joseph Hummel – @josephahummel
Jane Rose Hurst – @janerhurst
Dottie Hyde – @dallascarwreck
David Indorf – @hizzonerdci
Shawn Ismail – @shawnismail1
Coury Jacocks – @couryjacocks
Dan Jauchen – @djauchen
Wei Wei Jeang – @jeangw
Bob Jenevein – @bjenevein
Andy Jenkins – @akjlaw
Clay Jenkins – @clayjenkins
Jake Jenkins – @jakejenkinsdfw
Chris Jenks – @chrisjenks_smu
Anne McGowan Johnson – @anniemjo
Brenk Johnson – @brenkj
Richard Johnson – @rpjlaw
Sarah Davis Johnson – @sdavisjohnson
Andy Jones – @ajones777
Harry Jones – @haribaldijones
Preston Jones – @prestonlegal
Arshil Kabani – @arshil
Chris Kalis – @ckalis85
Bruce Kaye – @brucekaye
Peggy Keene – @phkeene
Geoff Keller – @geoffmkeller
John Kenefick – @jskenefick
Linda Kennon – @marcopierrewhit
Jennifer Mostyn King – @jmostynking
Philip Kingston – @philiptkingston
Kirte Kinser – @kirtekinser
Jason Kipness – @kiplawfirm
Matt Kita – @matthewkita
Lisa Kivett – @needtofindit
Darin Klemchuk – @dklemchuk
Kristen Knauf – @kristenknauf
Jennifer Wilcox Knott – @jenniferwknott
Nicole Babbitt Knox – @nicolebabbitt
J.J. Koch – @jjkoch
Mike Konczal – @mikekonczal
Tom Kulik – @legalintangibls
Kent Krabill – @kentkrabill
Bob Kraft – @bobkraft
Kathryn Kraft – @kathrynkraft
Chris Kratovil – @chris_kratovil
Shruti Krishnan – @shru22
Kimberly Kroll – @kimberlykroll
Sara Scoles Krumholz – @sscoles
Todd Krumholz – @jtkrum
Kelly Kubasta – @kkubasta
Rick Lambert – @rlambertdallas
Ryan Langston – @texaswaterguy
Bryan Larson – @bryanlars
Monica Wiseman Latin @mlatin
Chase Laws – @chaseplaws
Gary Lawson – @savetheibots
Jennifer Liebhauser LeBlanc – @jenleblancesq
Jonathan LeBlanc – @dallasinjurylaw, @dallastxlawyer
Mike Lee – @mikeleedallas
Patricia Beaujean Lehtola – @trishbeaujean
Jason Lemons – @jasonlemonsesq
David Leon – @davidlleon
Trey Lentz – @treylentz
Chris Lewis – @cwlewis214
Marilea Lewis – @marilealewis
Matt Lewis – @matthewblewis
Brian Lidji – @brianlidji
Hamilton Lindley – @hplindley
Kevin Lindstrom – @kevindlindstrom
Elizabeth Garrett Linhart – @linharte
Mitch Little – @jmitchelllittle
Laura Locke – @llockeitup
Wes Loegering – @westonloegering
Katie Long – @katielongtx
Amy Lott – @littlelott
Michael Lowe – @dallasjustus
Allyn Jaqua Lowell – @jaquajd
Jeff Lowenstein – @jefflowenstein
Melissa Lum – @lumlegal
Mey Ly – @meyly_jd
Mike Lyons – @lyons_michael
Jeff Martin – @witandcandor
Jennifer Gossom Martin – @jengossommartin
Tanja Martini – @martinilawfirm
Kenneth Martin – @urlegalbeagle
Mike Maslanka – @tx_workplacelaw, @worklawyer
Angel Mata – @splangel1
Tom Mayo – @tangowhiskymike
Orly Sulami Mazur – @orlymazur
Greg McAllister – @gregmcallisterj
Levi McCathern – @lmccathern
Kelly McClure – @mcclurelaw
Wade McClure – @wademcclure
Ashley McDowell – @ashdubmac
Scott McElhaney – @scottmmcelhaney
Sheryl McFarlin – @baylor2law
Charles McGarry – @chasman1957
Sonja McGill – @sonjamc
Adam McGough – @adam_mcgough
Patrick McLain – @attorneymclain
Mary Alice McLarty – @maryalicedallas
Mark McPherson – @enviropinions
Toni Meier – @tlmeier
Tom Melsheimer – @tommelsheimer
Mark Melton – @markmelton99
Ben Mesches – @benmesches
Adriana Rosas Midkiff – @armidkifflaw
Kim Miers – @drumeg
Tom Mighell – @tommighell
Mitch Milby – @milbylaw
Aaron Miller – @aaronrmiller
Kaitlan Moczulski – @kaitlanmargeen
Stephanie Mongiello – @mongiellolaw
David Monk – @drumesq
Rachel Montes – @remontes
Chris Montez – @crossmontez
Daniel Moon – @dsmoon1
Audrey Moorehead – @missaudreyjd
Diana Morales – @dmoralestx
Mike Moran – @slickmwm
Jennifer Morris – @jennmorris
Kim Smith Morris – @divorceintexas
Heather Morschauser – @idleminddesign
Ross Mortillaro – @rossmo13
Jim Moseley – @justicemoseley
Missy Mosteller – @mmosteller
Jason Mueller – @louderthanme
Cheryl Camin Murray – @cherylcamin, @ccamin
Majed Nachawati – @dallaswrongful
Mark Nacol – @nacollawfirm
Nancy Navarro – @nancynaner
Jamey Newberg – @newbergreport
Bryan Ng – @bryancng
Jonathan Neerman – @jonathanneerman
Becky Niederstadt – @bnieders
Tennessee Nielsen – @tennesseen
Mary Goodrich Nix – @mgn_emplawyer
Clifford Nkeyasen – @kwadwo80
Jennifer Waddell Null – @sassyjenw
Michelle May O’Neil – @oneilattorneys
Melanie Kemp Okon – @mkokon
Celina Diaz Orr – @cmdorr
Tessy Ortiz – @despachoortiz
Will Pace – @wrpace
Ann Marie Painter – @ampintexas
Theda Page – @pagelawfirm
Ben Palatiere – @benpalatiere
Dana Palmer – @danacpalmer
James Parker – @jamesfparker
Bhaveeni Parmar – @techsavvylaw
Blair Partlow – @blairpartlow
Chris Parvin – @parvinchris
Cordell Parvin – @cordellparvin
Dustin Paschal – @dustinp
Alyson Dietrich Pawlik – @alysonttu
Andy Payne – @andrewlpayne
Michael Pegues – @mdpegues
Lori Ashmore Peters – @lashmorepeters
Drew Peveto – @p1lawyer
Carrie Johnson Phaneuf – @cjphaneuf
Rich Phillips – @rbphillipsjr
Jim Pikl – @jimpikl
Kelly Pinckard – @kpinckard
Aimee Pingenot – @apingenot
Mike Pipkin – @mfpranger
Kirk Pittard – @kirkpittard
Cindy Pladziewicz – @cynthiapladz
Jake Pollack – @jakepollack
Bryan Pollard – @bryanpollard
Bryan Pope – @bigdjustice
Jared Pope – @jspattorney
Will Pryor – @mediator_will
Charles Quaid – @CharlesQuaid
Rob Radcliff – @robradcliff
Suzanne Claude Radcliff – @equinelawyer
Jeff Raggio – @jeffraggio
Aaron Ramirez – @aaronrramirez
Todd Ramsey – @injurylawyertod
Tonya Ramsey – @texastonya
Jeff Rasansky – @jeffrasansky
Stuart Rasley – @srasley
Gary Redman – @glredmanii
Troy Reimer – @reimerlegal
Angel Reyes – @angelreyes3
Molly Buck Richard – @mollyrichard
Jennifer Richardson – @ahrlawfirm7
Bill Richmond – @thedozingpanda
Joel Richmond – @joelrichmond
David Ritter – @ritterlegal
Cody Robinette – @crobinette24
Keith Robinson – @wkeithrobinson
Russ Roden – @rhroden
Rudy Rodriguez – @rrodrig305
Stacy Jordan Rodriguez – @sj_rodriguez
Derek Rollins – @natties_daddy
John Roper – @johneroper
Jeremy Rosenthal – @collincolawyer
Adam Ross – @abross1000
Jason Ross – @title18
Kevin Ross – @kbrcrimlaw
Tara Ross – @taraross
Justin Roy – @justinhroyatty
Chad Ruback – @appellatelaw
Rob Ruhlin – @taxlawyerdallas
Abby Newman Ruth – @abbynruth
Meghan Ryan – @meghanjryan
Blake Sachs – @blakesachs
Matt Sallusti – @mattsallusti
Matt Sanderson – @dealattorney
Mindy Sauter – @sauterlaw
Michael Savage – @mtsavage1
Michael Sawicki – @mgsawicki
John Scheef – @johnscheef
Michael Schmidt – @schmidtfirm
Jimmy Schnurr – @jimmyschnurr
Pete Schulte – @peteschultetx
Rob Scott – @bsaattorney
Jessica Sennett – @jsennett
Hutton Sentell – @huttonsentell
Ajay Shah – @ajayshawlaw
Shideh Sharifi – @mediator_shideh
Kenneth Sheets – @repkensheets
Michele Sheets – @michele_sheets
Alan Sherman – @alansherman
KD Shull – @kdshull
Amy Shahan – @ashahan
Ramez Shamieh – @ramezshamieh
Stephanie Brooks Sherman – @sshermandallas
Toby Shook – @toby_shook
Phil Smith – @philsmith79
Stephanie Smith – @smithstephaniek
Tailim Song – @tailimsong
Kevin Spencer – @recklesstx
Marc Stanley – @mstanley15
David Starr – @redsocker19
Jacob Stasny – @jacobstasny
Jason Steed – @5thcircappeals
Lindsay Stengle – @lindsaystengle
Quitman Stephens – @quitmanstephens
Shawn Stevens – @dshawnstevens
Amy Stewart – @amystewartlaw
Matt Stewart – @disability_atty
Paul Stickney – @judgestick
Jerry Tadlock – @jerrytadlock
David Taylor – @davidotaylor
Sherin Thawer – @sherinthawer
Bruce Thomas – @brucekthomas
Beth Thornburg – @btsmu
Rebecca Tillery – @rebeccatillery
Jeff Tillotson – @jtillot
John Ting – @johntinglaw
Rosalyn Peacock Tippett – @attorneytippett
Aaron Tobin – @padsy2
William Toles – @4whomthebell
Yolanda Torres – @yolandamtorres
Chris Trowbridge – @c_trowbridge
Brenda Tso – @wbrendatso
Glenn Tucker – @tuckerglennd
Shawn Tuma – @shawnetuma
Ted Turner – @teeesqrd
Zeke Tyson – @ezekieltyson
Martin Valko – @martinvalko
Adam Vanek – @adamvaneklaw
Allen Vaught – @allenvaught
Jimmy Vaught – @jimmyvaught
David Vereeke – @hoganben
Ashlie Thomas Vieira – @ashliet
Daniel Vieira – @cariocadan
Peter Vogel – @petersvogel
Richard Wallace – @richardwallace3
Grant Walsh – @grantwalsh77
Daryl Washington – @dwashlawfirm
Craig Watkins – @craigmwatkins
Paul Watler – @pwatler
Cyndi Watson – @cyndilwatson
Jessica Dixon Weaver – @profjdweaver
Brad Weber – @brad_weber
David Weiner – @dweinertex
Mark Werbner – @mwerbner
Warren Westberg – @warrenwestberg
Suzanne Raggio Westerheim – @srwesterheim
James Whalen – @jamespwhalen
Bill Whitehill – @whitehillhq
Bob Widner – @bobwidner
Karen Willcutts – @karenwillcutts
Bruce Willis – @oakwave
Greg Willis – @gregwillisda
Chris Wilmoth – @chriswilmoth
Elisabeth Wilson – @ewilsonattorney
Jeremy Wilson – @jeremy_wilson1
Jim Winblood – @jimwinblood
Jason Winford – @jason_winford
Amy Witherite – @amywitherite
Robert Witte – @robertjwitte
Grant Wood – @energylawblog
Martin Woodward – @rulesofblazon
Paul Wright – @pfwright
Dan Wyde – @wydeandassoc
Michael Wysocki – @michaeldwysocki
Mike Yanof – @myanof
Jeff Yates – @jeffaggie94
Eric Yepez – @el_guapo_21
Eileen Bamberger Youens – @eyouens
Adam Zaner – @azaner
Karin Zaner – @zanerk
Bridget Zeigler – @bridgetzig
Rachel Ziolkowski – @rachelziol
Justin Zukoff – @jzukoff
Yesterday, Nathan Hecht was sworn-in as chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court. The Texas Lawbook published an article I co-authored about Chief Justice Hecht’s tenure on the Supreme Court.